German Grammar Explained /

Adjectives from participles

We have been learning some tricks to quickly expand your vocabulary, like creating adjectives by using specific endings. In this topic, we'll show you how to make adjectives using participles.
Let's quickly recap past participles (called: Partizip II)
  1. Most past participles have a ge- in the beginning. → gekommen, gesungen, gespielt
  2. Separable verbs have the -ge- in the middle. → mitgekommen, angefangen, aufgehört
  3. Verbs with inseparable prefixes don't have a ge at all. → verstanden, verkauft, erkannt
  4. Verbs that end in -ieren don't have a ge either. → studiert, fotografiert, repariert
You might be wondering: if these are Partizip II, what are the Partizip I?
I wasn't actually, but now I am.
They are the present participles! It's easier than the Partizip II. You just add a "-d" to the infinitive!
Partizip I Happening now or generally
Partizip II Happened in the past
→ relaxing
→ relaxed
→ rising
→ raised
→ shocking
→ shocked
Two things are happening
at the same time
Partizip I
Der Hund steht vor
der Tür und bellt.
Der bellende Hund
steht vor der Tür.
One thing happened
in the past
Partizip II
Das Auto ist gebraucht. Ich verkaufe das Auto.
Ich verkaufe das gebrauchte Auto.